Farm and Ranch Fencing Types

1. Barbed Wire Fencing

Barbed wire fencing is one of the most common types of fencing used in farms and ranches. It consists of strands of wire with barbs spaced at regular intervals. Barbed wire is effective in keeping livestock contained and intruders out. However, it can cause injuries to animals and requires proper maintenance to prevent sagging or damage.

2. Woven Wire Fencing

Woven wire fencing, also known as field fence or livestock fence, is made of vertical and horizontal wires woven together. It provides a secure barrier for various livestock and helps prevent predators from entering the property. Woven wire fencing comes in different heights and wire gauges to suit different animal types and sizes.

3. Electric Fencing

Electric fencing is a popular choice for farms and ranches due to its versatility and effectiveness. It uses electric shocks to deter animals from crossing the fence line. Electric fences can be powered by battery or connected to an electric source. They are often used in combination with other types of fencing to enhance security.

4. High Tensile Wire Fencing

High tensile wire fencing is known for its strength and durability. It uses high-strength steel wires that are tightly stretched between posts. The wires can withstand significant tension, making this type of fencing suitable for containing large livestock. High tensile wire fences require specialized installation techniques and proper maintenance.

5. Split Rail Fencing

Split rail fencing, also referred to as post and rail fencing, is a traditional and aesthetically pleasing option for farms and ranches. It is made of wooden posts and rails that are stacked horizontally or interlocked. Split rail fencing is primarily used for decorative purposes or to enclose larger areas without the need for containing livestock.

6. Pipe and Cable Fencing

Pipe and cable fencing combines metal pipes and cables to create a sturdy and secure enclosure. The pipes serve as posts, while the cables are stretched horizontally between them. This type of fencing is commonly used for horse pastures and provides a safe and visually appealing solution for containing horses and other livestock.

7. PVC Fencing

PVC (polyvinyl chloride) fencing is a low-maintenance and durable option for farm and ranch applications. It is made of PVC posts and rails that are assembled to create a solid barrier. PVC fencing is available in various styles, including traditional white picket designs. It is resistant to rot, insects, and weather, making it a long-lasting choice.

8. Deer and Wildlife Fencing

Deer and wildlife fencing is specifically designed to keep wild animals out of agricultural areas. It typically consists of high-tensile wire mesh or woven wire with smaller openings to prevent deer and other animals from entering the property. This type of fencing helps protect crops, gardens, and valuable plants from wildlife damage.

9. Chain Link Fencing

Chain link fencing is a versatile option used in various settings, including farms and ranches. It is made of interwoven metal wires that form a diamond pattern. Chain link fences are cost-effective, provide visibility, and can be used to enclose large areas. However, they may not be as effective in containing smaller livestock or deterring predators.

10. Post and Board Fencing

Post and board fencing, also known as horse rail fencing, or corral board fencing is a popular choice for horse farms and equestrian facilities. It features wooden posts with horizontal boards or rails attached between them. This type of fencing provides a strong and visually appealing enclosure while ensuring the safety of horses and other animals.


Choosing the right type of farm and ranch fencing depends on several factors, including the type of livestock, intended purpose, budget, and aesthetic preferences. It is essential to consider the specific needs of your property and consult with fencing professionals to ensure you select the most suitable option for your farm or ranch.